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U.S. says will pull out of nuclear arms control pact

U.S. says will pull out of nuclear arms control pact

After meeting with Russian President Vladimir Putin and other officials, Bolton suggested that the treaty is ineffective in providing security against today's global threats-a position which the Union of Concerned Scientists (UCS) denounced as deeply "shortsighted".

Some Europeans also suggested this week that, almost a decade after U.S. talk of a "reset" with Russia went nowhere, at least in this case Trump might have been moved-perhaps even provoked by the monkey on his back in the guise of the special counsel-to throw down the gauntlet to Russian President Vladimir Putin on a major geostrategic point of contention. They are concerned about the fate of other arms control and safety pacts with Russian Federation, including the 2010 New START nuclear treaty which can be extended beyond 2021 by mutual agreement.

Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Sergei Nabokov said that the U.S. claim and unilateral move would be "very dangerous" and lead to a "military technical" retaliation. Bolton said Washington hasn't served a formal withdrawal notice, but he voiced strong skepticism the treaty could be salvaged.

He said that, based on US intelligence and Russia's reluctance to discuss the missile system with NATO, "the most plausible explanation is that Russian Federation is in violation of the treaty".

Putin said he hoped to talk about this issue with USA counterpart Donald Trump on November 11 in Paris at the commemoration of 100 years since the end of the First World War. But Bolton told reporters afterwards Russian missiles were a threat and signaled Washington would ignore Russian objections to its exit plans.

At a news conference Tuesday in Moscow, Bolton brushed off mounting concerns from China and European allies - as well as Russian Federation - that U.S. withdrawal from the treaty would undermine global security.

The INF Treaty has since been hailed as a major success-mostly by Europeans. He asserted that Russian Federation had already deployed banned missiles. They have been violating it for many years. Russian Federation in turn accuses Washington of violating the same treaty, something it denies.

By announcing its intent to withdraw from a decades-old nuclear weapons treaty, the United States is targeting Russian Federation, which it says violated the bilateral deal - but also China, which is developing arms that are banned under it. He noted that previous efforts to expand the treaty to include other countries had come to nothing.

The US President also revealed his intentions to develop new ballistic missiles - raising fears of a new arms race and even World War 3.

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While both sides allege violations, ending the treaty now would be "unwise" and beneficial for Russian Federation, according to Steven Pifer, a nonresident senior fellow at the Brookings Institute who focuses on arms control, the United States and Europe.

During the meeting, Putin alluded to the US coat of arms, which shows an eagle holding a bundle of 13 arrows in one talon and an olive branch with 13 olives in another. "The question is: did your eagle already eat all the olives and only the arrows are left?"

"Hopefully I'll have some answers for you", Bolton replied.

There is a clear deficit in dialogue between Moscow and Washington, so contacts between the presidents are "twice as important", Ryabkov said. He said Moscow would have to "take retaliatory measures to neutralize possible military threats".

Mikhail Gorbachev, the former Soviet leader who signed the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty with then-President Ronald Reagan, called the decision a "mistake" that did not originate from a great mind. Countries such as Poland have, however, backed Trump's move.

Trump's withdrawal announcement is causing particular concern in Europe which was the main beneficiary of the INF treaty as a result of the removal of Pershing and USA cruise missiles from Europe and of Soviet SS-20 missiles from the European part of the then Soviet Union.

'Moscow will be free to deploy the 9M729 cruise missile [Russia's name for the SSC-8], and an intermediate-range ballistic missile if it wants, without any restraint'.

"If the USA withdraws from the INF Treaty, what are they going to do with the new missiles?"


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