Health Care

Saudi Arabia led coalition to blame for half of Yemen children deaths

Saudi Arabia led coalition to blame for half of Yemen children deaths

Another diplomat said however that "no progress" had been made on a joint declaration made in June by the UN Security Council, which called on all warring parties in Yemen to facilitate aid deliveries to the country.

A Saudi-led coalition, composing a number of Arab states, intervened to back Yemen's pro-legitimacy forces to regain control over the war-torn country and counter the foreign agenda militias are believed to promote.

The United Nations has worked to avert attacks on Hodeidah port, where around 80 percent of Yemen's food imports arrive.

Since 2015, Yemen has been the site of a devastating war between the Saudi-backed government and Huthi rebels allied with Iran. The report found some 4,000 verified cases of rape past year by government troops in conflicts around the world and more than 11,500 rapes by non-government armed groups.

O'Brien and United Nations special envoy to Yemen Ismail Ould Cheikh Ahmed urged the Saudi-led coalition in Yemen to reopen Sana'a airport and allow humanitarian staff to enter the country quickly and Yemenis to leave to receive health treatment. In contrast, the Islamic State was responsible for six child casualties and al-Qaida one.

O'Brien called for the opening of all ports, including land, sea and air, to civilian traffic to allow in aid, as well as for parties to the conflict to respect global human and human rights law.

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Insurgency militias overran the capital Sanaa, forcing the internationally-backed government led by President Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi to re-establish an interim capital in Aden.

O'Brien said that he was grieved that, in the past two years, despite his and his team's much effort, he has been "unable to report any significant improvement in the deplorable, avoidable and completely man-made catastrophe that is ravaging Yemen".

More than half a million Yemenis have been infected with cholera and some seven million are on the brink of starvation, the United Nations has said.

He also stressed the need for civil servants to be paid "to prevent the collapse of institutions and for accountability to be strengthened". In a press release, saudi Arabia has countered that the Coalition to Restore the Legitimacy in Yemen "fully respected" its obligations in terms of global law and humanitarian law.

United Nations spokesman Farhan Haq said Guterres received a draft of the 2016 report this week and was due to discuss it with Gamba on Friday.